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Author Archives: ISEJ

How micro-finance impinge on human rights

"colorful children's handprints on a textured black wall - fragment of a busstop wall in Bali, Indonesia"

By Philip Mader (13 November) This blog post is based on a talk given at the ETOC Conference on “Financialisation, Eco-Destruction, and Human Rights beyond Borders” in Brussels, September 28-29, 2017, and should not be regarded as an exhaustive academic paper but as food for thought.  Microfinance and financial inclusion are overlapping practices, and both are built on the same idea: that financial dealings with the poor will create a win-win arrangement of profits for financiers, and poverty alleviation and ... Read More »

CPEC – Losses & Gains


By Kaiser Bengali (September 10, 2017) The China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) does promise to be a game changer for Pakistan. It is a project of a magnitude that will change the economic geography of the country. An earlier project that changed the economic geography of the country was the Indus Water Works, which included the construction of Mangla and Tarbela dams along with thousands of kilometers of canals. Resultantly, two crops a year are now grown where not a blade ... Read More »

CPEC – A “game-changer” or another “East India Company”?


China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is a big business proposition with huge Chinese investments spreading over 15 years having a total outlay of up to $46 billion: $35 billion on the energy sector in the mode of IPPs (independent Power Producers) and $ 11 billion for infrastructure development; like industrial zones roads and railways etc. A good part of these investment projects comprises loans from Chinese banks, of which full details are not available, generating fears of further indebtness of already ... Read More »

Cambodia rejects paying ‘dirty debt’ to the US


By Vannarith Chheang (21 March 2017) The United States has renewed its demand for Cambodia to repay a war debt of $500m amid President Donald Trump’s push to improve the state budget. Such a demand has met with an outcry from Cambodian political leaders and their people, who have consistently called the debt “dirty” and “blood-stained”. Clearly, the memory of the United States’ war in Indochina continues to shape Cambodian perceptions of and foreign policy towards the US. Cambodia is reluctant to pay the debt. However, should ... Read More »

Ruthless borrowing: rising debt becoming unsustainable: economists


(13 November 2016): Pakistan””s rising debt is becoming unsustainable due to massive borrowing by the government to build foreign exchange reserves, opined former Advisors of Finance Ministry Dr Ashfaque Hassan Khan and Sakib Sherani here on Saturday. Speaking at the 3rd National Debt Conference organised by Policy Research Institute of Market Economy (PRIME), Dr Ashfaque stated that Pakistan””s external debt has reached $73 billion and is expected to increase to $81.3 billion by the end of 2016-17, $90 billion by ... Read More »

Three Waves of Debt Repudiations in the USA during19th Century


(By Eric Toussaint) – 7 November The United States, on three separate occasions, governments have successfully repudiated public debts owed to private bankers. In the 1830s, four of the United States repudiated their debts – Mississippi, Arkansas, Florida and Michigan. |1| The creditors were mainly British. Alexander Nahum Sack writes in this regard: “One of the main reasons justifying these repudiations was the squandering of the sums borrowed: they were usually borrowed to establish banks or build railways; but the banks failed and the ... Read More »

Evolving nature of developing countries’ debt


By Bodo Ellmers (18 August 2016):  This Eurodad disussion paper analyses the evolving nature of developing country debt and solutions for change. It aims to identify relevant reform processes on an international level, and more practically to keep progressive actors that want to drive change informed about existing opportunities. The nominal debt burden of developing countries has reached the highest level ever seen. While relative debt burdens decreased between 2000 and 2010, these trends have reversed in 2011. Since then debt ... Read More »

Bill seeking Public Debt Audit submitted in Tunisian Parliament


(CADTM) On 14th June 2016, a bill relating to the audit of the public debt was submitted to the Assembly of the Representatives of the People, the Tunisian parliament. This bill was co-signed by 73 MPs from all parliamentary groups except for the Islamist party Ennahdha. It aims at setting up a committee for the truth on the Tunisian public debt, whose mission would be to investigate the process that started in July 1986 (with the first structural adjustment program imposed by the IMF in ... Read More »

Pakistan’s unsustainable debts-Part II


(By Maqsood A Butt) Public debts are a very useful tool by which governments can balance their budget in case their expenditure is more than their revenue. However, ideally this tool should be used only to borrow for development expenses, which creates infrastructure, ultimately generating resources to pay back the liability. These development projects, in addition to generating employment, promote economic growth thereby improving the citizen’s welfare. However, in Pakistan every government has been dependent on domestic and external borrowing to ... Read More »

Punjab foreign debt piles up


(Nasir Jamal): Punjab foreign debt stock is projected to steeply rise by a fifth to Rs620 billion at the end of the next financial year, mainly because of a Chinese loan of Rs.85 billion for the controversial Lahore Orange Line Metro Train Project. According to the budget 2016-17 documents, the province`s outstanding foreign debt stock is estimated to spike to around Rs516bn at the end of the year from Rs436bn a yearago. The province has accumulated foreign debt of Rs79.9hn ... Read More »